Legality of Tawassul : Part 1(5 of 19 Scanned Kitab of Attarghib watargheeb (Imam al mundhiri) – Al Hisn ul Haseen(Ibn al Jazri ) – Mu’jam al-Ausat (imam Tabarani) – Tafsir Imam Qurtubi al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran – Siyar al A’lam wa al Nubalah (Adzahabi)


At-Targheeb wa-Tarheeb, by Imam al-Mundhiri


Al Hisn ul Haseen, by Imam al-Hafidh Abi al Khayr Muhammad Ibn al Jazri (Rahimuhullah)


Tabarani Mu’jam al-Ausat


Tafsir Imam Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran


Siyar al A’lam wa al Nubalah


Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal


Tuhfah uth-Dhakireen


Sunan Darimi


Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Qur’an al-azim


al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah


Dala’il un Nubuwwah


Abdur Rahim al-Mubarakpori, Tuhfatul Ahwazi ba-Sharah Tirmidhi


Tafsir Ruh ul Ma’ani


al-Madkhal, Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-Maliki


al-Mu’jam al-Kabir, Imam Tabarani


at-Tawassul, anwa‘uhu wa ahkamuhu – Nasir Albani


Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib – Ibn Hajr Asqalani


Kitab uth-Thiqat Imam Ibn Hibban


Shua’b ul Iman by Imam Bayhaqi


At-Targheeb wa-Tarheeb, by Imam al-Mundhiri

Imam Tabrani has narrated an incident that a person repeatedly visited Uthman bin Affan (ra) concerning something he needed but Uthman paid no attention to him. The man went to Uthman bin Hunaif (ra) and complained to him about the matter- [Note: this was after the death of the Prophet and after the caliphates of Abu Bakr and Umar ] so Uthman bin Hunaif said : “Go to the place of Wudu, then come to the Masjid, perform two Rak’ats and then say :“O Allah I ask of you and I turn my face towards you “BY VIRTUE OF THE INTERCESSION OF MUHAMMAD THE PROPHET OF MERCY” “”YA MUHAMMAD”” (Peace be upon him) I have turned to my lord “by virtue of your intercession concerning this need of mine so that it may be met… Then come so that I can go with you [to the caliph Uthman].”
So the man left and did as he had been told, then went to the door of Uthman ibn Affan (Allah be pleased with him), and the doorman came, took him by the hand, brought him to Uthman ibn Affan, and seated him next to him on a cushion. ‘Uthman asked, “What do you need?” and the man mentioned what he wanted, and Uthman accomplished it for him …
Imam Mundhiri (rah) said: Imam Tabarani after narrating it said “THIS HADITH IS SAHIH” [At-Targheeb wa Tarheeb, Page No. 129 in the chapter of Salaat al Hajah] Note: Imam al-Haythami (rah) also accepted the authentication of Imam Tabrani in his Majma az Zawaid Volume No. 2, Hadith # 3668

Al Hisn ul Haseen, by Imam al-Hafidh Abi al Khayr Muhammad Ibn al Jazri (Rahimuhullah)

Adaab ad-Dua (i.e. Etiquettes of making dua).. Translation: One should ask Allah through the “WASEELA (Intercession)” of Anbiya and Pious servants of Allah… (towards the end Imam Ibn Jazri said) After completing the dua one should wipe his face with his hands [Al Hisnul Hiseen, Page No. 25]

Tabarani Mu’jam al-Ausat

Tabarani Mu’jam al-Ausat Front Cover Publish: Dar al Haramain, al-Qahira

Narrated by Umar bin al-Khattab Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) said: When Adam committed the error, he submitted (to Allah): O Lord, I beg You to forgive me through the mediation of Muhammad. Then Allah said: O Adam! How did you recognize Muhammad as I have not created him yet? He replied: O Lord, when You created me with Your divine hand and breathed Your soul into me, I raised my head and saw ‘la ilaha illallahu Muhammad-ur-rasulullah (“There is no god but Allah, Muhammad is Allah’s Messenger”)’ inscribed on each pillar of the Throne. I discovered that with Your name, the name of only such a person can be associated who is Your most beloved of all the creatures. At this Allah said: O Adam, you have said it correctly. Of all the creatures I love him the most. Now when you offered your prayer through his mediation, I forgave you. And if Muhammad were not there, I would not have created even you. [Tabarani Mu’jam Al-Ausat Volume 006, Page No. 313-314, Hadith Number 6502]

Imam Bulqini also declares this tradition “sound” in his Fatawa. Imam Subki confirms Hakim’s authentication in [Shifa-us-siqam fi ziyarat khayr-il-anam Page No. 120-1]

It is narrated by Anas bin Malik. He said: When the mother of ‘Ali bin Abu Talib — Fātimah bint Asad bin Hāshim — died, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) called on her and sat down by the head of the bed and said, “O dear mother, may Allah have mercy on you. After my mother, you were the one I regarded as my mother. When I was hungry you fed me to the point of saturation while you yourself remained hungry. Then you helped me put on clothes and instead of eating yourself, you gave me nice things to eat. You did all this for Allah’s pleasure and for a good reward in the Hereafter.” Then he (the Prophet) commanded to bathe her three times. When camphor water was brought, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) poured some water into his hands. Then Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) took off his shirt and clothed her with it and used his own sheet of cloth as her coffin.Then Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) sent for Usamah bin Zayd, Abu Ayyub al-Ansari and ‘Umar bin al-Khattab and the negro slave to dig up the grave. So they dug her grave. When they reached near the lahd, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) dug it up and drew the soil out with his own hands. When he finished, Allah’s Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) entered and lay down in (the grave), and said, “It is Allah Who controls life and death, and He is Ever living and will never die. (O Allah,) forgive my mother—Fatimah bint Asad— and help her answer properly at the time of questioning and through the mediation of Your Prophet (Muhammad) and the former prophets, make her grave capacious. Surely You are infinitely Merciful.” Then he repeated, “God is Great” four times (i.e. led the funeral prayer). Then he, ‘Abbas and Abu Bakr as-Siddiq lowered her into the grave. [Tabarani Mu’jam Al-Ausat Volume 001, Page Number 67-68, Hadith Numver 189]

Mahmud Sa‘id Mamduh graded it hasan (fair) in his [Raf‘-ul-minarah Page No.147-8]

Tafsir Imam Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran

Tafsir Imam Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran, Publish: al-Resalah, Beirut, Lebanon

Imam Qurtubi (rah) on Tawassul: “Abu Sadiq has reported it from ‘Ali. A villager came to see us three days after the burial of the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). He placed himself near the Prophet’s grave, sprinkled its earth over his body and said: ‘O Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him), you said and we have heard it from you. You received commands from Allah and we received commands from you, and one of these divine commands is wa law annahum idh zalamu anfusahum. It is true that I have wronged myself, therefore, you should pray for my forgiveness.’ (In response to the villager’s act of imploring) he was called out from the grave: ‘there is no doubt that you have been forgiven.’” [Tafsir al-Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran Volume 006, Page No. 439, Under the Verse, 4:64] —- Abdullah Abdul al Muhsin Said: This hadith is narrated by Abu Sadiq (ra), Do you think that whos full name is Abu Sadiq Hu al Awazi al Kufi (ra), Abdullah bin Najiz said: Sadduq (Truthful), and This Hadith is Mursil (Jayyid)

Imam Qurtubi (rah) on Istigatha: Ibn Abbas (ra) said: “When the jews of khaybar was in war with the Creed of Gatfan, they was defeated and after they did say: “Allahumma! We want you to help us for your Nabi which you will send in the end of times.” they did win against them, and every time they did fight against them, they did use this Dua and did win.” [Tafsir Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran, Volume 002, Page No. 89-90, Under the Verse 2:89] —— The Dalil here is, that Allah did accept their Dua before Rasulullah was send. That means, that Allah did not destroy them or did damn them cause of the Tawassul, he did damn them because they did not accept Rasulullah when he did came.

Imam Qurtubi related the tradition through Ibn ‘Abbas: The Jews of Khaybar were often at war with the Ghatafan (tribe). When they confronted each other (in battle) the Jews were defeated. They attacked again, offering this prayer, “(O Lord,) we beg You through the mediation of the Unlettered Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) about whom You have promised us that you will send him to us at the end of time. Please help us against them.” Ibn ‘Abbas adds: whenever they faced the enemy, they offered this prayer and defeated the Ghatafan (tribe). But when the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) was sent, they denied (him). So Allah the Exalted revealed the verse: “And before that they themselves had (prayed) for victory (through the mediation of the last Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) and the Book revealed to him) over the disbelievers,” that is, through your mediation, O Muhammad. [Tafsir Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran, Volume 002, Page No. 89-90, Under the Verse 2:89]

Siyar al A’lam wa al Nubalah

Front Cover, Siyar al A’lam wa al Nubalah, Publish: al-Resalah, Beirut, Lebanon

 Imam Dhahabi (rah) narrates: Once there was a drought in Samarqand, People tried their best, some said Salah al Istisqa but still it did not rain, A renowned righteous man known as Salih came to the Qadhi and said: In my opinion you along with your public should visit the grave of Imam Bukhari (rah), His grave is located in Khartank, We should (go near the Qabr) and ask for rain, Allah might give us rain then, The Qadhi said Yes to his opinion and then he along with the people went towards (the Qabr) and then He made a dua along with the people and people started to cry near the grave and started to make him a Waseela (i.e. Imam Bukhari). Allah Ta’ala (immediately) sent rainclouds. All people stayed in Khartank for about 7 days, none of them wanted to go back to Samarqand although the distance between Samarqand and Khartank was only 3 miles [Siyar al A’lam wa al Nubalah, Volume 012, Page No. 469]