Legality of Tawassul /inter mediation : Part 2 (5 of 21 Scanned Kitab of Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal – Tuhfah uth-Dhakireen (Assawkani) – Sunan Darimi – Tafsir Ibn Katsir – al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah)


At-Targheeb wa-Tarheeb, by Imam al-Mundhiri


Al Hisn ul Haseen, by Imam al-Hafidh Abi al Khayr Muhammad Ibn al Jazri (Rahimuhullah)


Tabarani Mu’jam al-Ausat


Tafsir Imam Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran


Siyar al A’lam wa al Nubalah


Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal


Tuhfah uth-Dhakireen


Sunan Darimi


Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Qur’an al-azim


al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah


Dala’il un Nubuwwah


Abdur Rahim al-Mubarakpori, Tuhfatul Ahwazi ba-Sharah Tirmidhi


Tafsir Ruh ul Ma’ani


al-Madkhal, Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-Maliki


al-Mu’jam al-Kabir, Imam Tabarani


at-Tawassul, anwa‘uhu wa ahkamuhu – Nasir Albani


Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib – Ibn Hajr Asqalani


Kitab uth-Thiqat Imam Ibn Hibban


Shua’b ul Iman by Imam Bayhaqi


Bidayah wannihayah – Ibnu katsir


Al adzkar – Imam Annawawi

Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal

Front Cover Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal, Publish: Dar al-Hadith al-Qahira Misr
Hakim declared that it fulfils the requirements of authentic traditions as demanded by Bukhari and Muslim, while Dhahabi has also called it sahih (sound). It is attributed to Dawud bin Abu Salih. He says: one day Marwan came and he saw that a man was lying down with his mouth turned close to the Prophet’s grave. Then he (Marwan) said to him, “Do you know what are you doing?” When he moved towards him, he saw that it was Abu Ayyub al-Ansari. (In reply) he said, “Yes (I know) I have come to the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) and not to a stone. I have heard it from the Messenger of God (Peace Be Upon Him) not to cry over religion when its guardian is competent. Yes, shed tears over religion when its guardian is incompetent. [Ahmad bin Hambal with a sound chain of transmission in his Musnad Volume 017, Page No. 42-43, Hadith Number 23476]

Tuhfah uth-Dhakireen

Tuhfah uth-Dhakireen, Front Cover, Publish Dar al-Kitab al-Arabi, Beirut, Lebanon

Qadhi Shawkani (rah) Writes: I says this hadith is proof for Intercession of Prophets (Peace Be Upon Him) narrated by Imam Tirmidhi, Imam Nisa’I, Imam Ibn Maja, Imam Ibn Khuzaimah in his Sahih, and Hakim said hadith is correct on Bukhari and Muslim conditions. Narrated By ‘Uthman ibn Hunayf, that a blind man came to the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and said, “I’ve been afflicted in my eyesight, so please pray to Allah for me.” The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said: “Go make ablution (wudu), perform two rak’as of prayer, and then say: “Oh Allah, I ask You and turn to You through my Prophet Muhammad, the Prophet of mercy; O Muhammad (Ya Muhammad), I seek your intercession with my Lord for the return of my eyesight. on Tawasuul on Saint’s that hadith is a proof which is present in Bukhari in which Umar took Tawassul of Abbas and said that we take your Intercession after Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). [Tuhfat uth-Dhakireen Page No. 37]

Imam Qadhi Shawkani (Salafi Scholer) on Tawassul: O Allah! Verily I ask you, and turn to you through your Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) the Prophet of Mercy, O Muhammad verily I turn towards my Lord through you to my Lord in this need of mine, to fulfill it, O Allah intercede/cure this! This hadith has been extracted by Tirmidhi, al-Hakim in his Mustadrak and Nisa’I, and it is from the hadith of Uthman bin Hanif may Allah be pleased with him. He said a blind man came to the Messenger of Allah (Peace Be Upon Him) and said: O Messenger of Allah Pray for me! He (Peace Be Upon Him) said: If you wish I will pray for you, but if you wish, you have been patient and this is better for you. He preferred to be supplicated for. The Messenger (Peace Be Upon Him) instructed him to make Wudu and to make a perfect Wudu – Nisai’s narration adds in some of the reports (turuq) to make Wudu and pray two Rakah and then the supplication (as above). [Tuhfah al-Dhakireen Page No. 137]

It was also extracted by Ibn Maja , and al-Hakim in his mustadrak who stated that it is [authentic] according to the criterion of the two shaykhs (Muslim and Bukhari) and his narration had the addition: so he supplicated with this Dua and he arose and was able to see. Tirmidhi said the Hadith is Hasan Sahih (good and authentic) and we know this narration through this channel only from the Hadith of Abu Jafar and that is not al-Khatmi, these and other Imams have authenticated this narration, Nisa’I is alone in mentioneing the prayer, but Tabarani agreed with him and in mentions the same in some of his reports (turuq) it reports. In the narration there is [evidence] of the permissibility of Tawassul (taking a means) through the Messenger of Allah (saw) to Allah azza wa-jal with the firm belief that the only active agent (Faa’il) is Allah, for verily He alone is the giver and the preventer, what He wishes, is, and what He does not wish never can be. [Tuhfah al-Dhakireen Page No. 138]

Sunan Darimi

Front Cover Sunan Darimi, Dar al-Mughni, Riyadh, Saudia Arabia

Relates from Abu al-Jawza’ Aws bin ‘Abdullah: The people of Medina were in the grip of a severe famine. They complained to ‘A’ishah (about their terrible condition). She told them to go towards the Prophet’s grave and open a window in the direction of the sky so that there is no curtain between the sky and the grave. The narrator says they did so. Then it started raining heavily; even the lush green grass sprang up (everywhere) and the camels had grown so fat (it seemed) they would burst out due to the over piling of blubber. So the year was named as the year of greenery and plenty. [Sunan Darimi Volume 001, Page 227, Hadith Number 093] Muhammad bin ‘Alawi al-Maliki says, “This tradition has a good chain of transmission; rather, in my opinion, it is sound. The scholars have also acknowledged its soundness and have established its genuineness on the basis of almost equally credible evidence. [Shifa’-ul-fu’ad bi-ziyarat khayr–il-‘ibad Page No.153]

Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Qur’an al-azim

Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Qur’an al-azim Volume 004, Page No. 140, Under the Verse 4:64

Imam Ibn Kathir on Tawassul: Many have stated this tradition. One of them is Abū Mansūr Sabbagh who writes in his book al-Hikayat-ul-mashhurah that, according to ‘Utbi, once he was sitting beside the Prophet’s grave when a bedouin came and he said, “Peace be on you, O Allah’s Messenger. I have heard that Allah says: ‘(O beloved!) And if they had come to you, when they had wronged their souls, and asked forgiveness of Allah, and the Messenger also had asked forgiveness for them, they (on the basis of this means and intercession) would have surely found Allah the Granter of repentance, extremely Merciful.I have come to you, asking forgiveness for my sins and I make you as my intermediary before my Lord and I have come to you for this purpose.” Then he recited these verses: “O, the most exalted among the buried people who improved the worth of the plains and the hillocks! May I sacrifice my life for this grave which is made radiant by you, (the Prophet,) the one who is (an embodiment) of mercy and forgiveness.” Then the bedouin went away and I fell asleep. In my dream I saw the Holy Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). He said to me: O ‘Utbi, the bedouin is right, go and give him the good news that Allah has forgiven his sins. [Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Qur’an al-azim Volume 004, Page No. 140, Under the Verse 4:64]

al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah

Front Cover, al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah, Publish by Maqtabah ar-Rashid, Riyadh, Saudia Arabia

Malik ad-Dar has related: The people were gripped by famine during the tenure of ‘Umar (bin al-Khattab). Then a Companion walked up to the Prophet’s grave and said, “O Messenger of Allah, please ask for rain from Allah for your Community who is in dire straits.” Then the Companion saw the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) in a dream. The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) said to him, “Go over to ‘Umar, give him my regards and tell him that the rain will come to you. And tell ‘Umar that he should be on his toes, he should be on his toes, (he should remain alert).” Then the Companion went over to see ‘Umar and passed on to him the tidings. On hearing this, ‘Umar broke into a spurt of crying. He said, “O Allah, I exert myself to the full until I am completely exhausted.” [al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah Volume 011, Page No. 118, Hadith Number 32538]