I say that the Shah of Irbil. Malik Muzzafar Abu Sa’ed Kokabri Ibn Zayn-ud-din Ali bin Tabaktakin was a “GENEROUS, MIGHTY MASTER AND UPRIGHT RULER AND HIS WORKS WERE VERY GOOD” . He built Jamiya al Muzaffari near Qasiyun…During Rabi ul Awwal he used to “CELEBRATE MAWLID ASH-SHARIF WITH GREAT CELEBRATION (وكان يعمل المولد الشريف في ربيع الاول ويحتفل به احتفالا )” Moreover, he was “BENEVOLENT, BRAVE, WISE, A SCHOLAR AND JUST PERSON” – Rahimuhullah wal Ikraam – Sheikh Abul Khattab (rah) wrote a book on Mawlid an Nabwi for him and named it At-Tanwir fi Mawlid al Bashir al Nazeer, for which he gave him 1000 dinars. His rule stayed till the Rule of Salahiya and he captured Aka and he remained a man worthy of respect. Al-Sabt mentions that a person attending the gathering of Mawlid held by Muzzafar said: He used to fill the table with 5000 well cooked goats, 10,000 chickens, 100-thousand bowls (of milk) and 30,000 trays of sweets..
The narrator explains that During Mawlid he used to hold great gathering of “SUFIS AND ULAMA AND HE USED TO GRANT THEM GIFTS” (Next Page): He used to arrange Sama for Sufis from Dhuhr till Asr in which he himself did Raqs. [Note: Raqs is proven and allowed in Shariah, It should not be mixed with vulgar dancing of west done on music] and he had built a Dar ul Ziafat for everyone who came no matter what position the person held, and he used to give sadaqat for Haramain Shareefain and also used to get many prisoners free from Farangis (i.e. white people probably Christians/Jews), It is said that he got 60,000 prisoners free from them.
Ibnu Katsir juga berkata :
Al-Hafiz Ibn Katsir berkata dalam al-Bidayah wa an-Nihayah Juzuk 13, Halaman 136, Terbitan Maktabah al-Ma’arif seperti berikut:
“… al-Malik al-Mudzaffar Abu Sa’id al-Kukabri, salah seorang dari pemimpin besar yang cemerlang serta raja-raja yang mulia, baginya kesan-kesan yang baik14 (lihat kata Ibn Katsir “kesan-kesan yang baik”), beliau telah mengadakan maulid yang mulia pada bulan Rabiulawwal, dan mengadakan sambutan yang besar. Selain itu, beliau seorang yang amat berani, berakal, alim lagi adil. Semoga Allah merahmati beliau dan memperbaikkan kesudahannya…” dan beliau berkata seterusnya : “dan beliau (Sultan Muzaffar) berbelanja untuk menyambut maulid 300,000 dinar”
إن أول من أرضعته صلى الله عليه وسلم هي ثويبة مولاة أبي لهب وكان قد أعتقها حين بشرته بولادة النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم. ولهذا لما رآه أخوه العباس بعد موته في المنام بعدما رآه بشر خيبة، سأله: ما لقيت؟ قال: لم ألق بعدكم خيراً غير أني سقيت في هذه بعتاقتي لثويبة (وأشار إلى النقرة التي بين الإبهام والتي تليها من الأصابع).
“Sesungguhnya orang pertama kali menyusui Nabi SAW adalah Tsuwaybah yaitu budak perempuan Abu Lahab, dan ia telah dimerdekakan dan dibebaskan oleh Abu Lahab ketika Abu Lahab gembira dengan kelahiran Nabi SAW, karena demikian setelah meninggal Abu Lahab, salah seorang saudaranya yaitu Abbas melihatnya dalam mimpi, salah seorang familinya bermimpi melihat ia dalam keadaan yang sangat buruk,
dan Abbas bertanya : “Apa yang engkau dapatkan ?”
Abu Lahab menjawab : “Sejak aku tinggalkan kalian [mati], aku tidak pernah mendapat kebaikan sama sekali, selain aku diberi minuman di sini [Abu Lahab menunjukkan ruang antara ibu jarinya dan jari yang lain] karena aku memerdekaan Tsuwaybah”. [Lihat kitab Bidayah wan-Nihayah 2 : 272-273, kitab Sirah Al-Nabawiyah 1 :124, kitab Maulid Ibnu Katsir 21].
Ibnu Katsir mengagungkan malam Maulid Nabi, berikut kata beliau :
إن ليلة مولد النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم كانت ليلة شريفة عظيمة مباركة سعيدة على المؤمنين، طاهرة، ظاهرة الأنوار جليلة المقدار
“Sungguh malam kelahiran Nabi SAW adalah malam yang sangat mulia dan banyak berkah dan kebahagiaan bagi orang mukmin dan malam yang suci, dan malam yang terang cahaya, dan malam yang sangat agung”.[Lihat kitab Maulid iIbnu Katsir 19], sebagaimana dikatakan oleh Imam Ibnu Hajar Al-Asqalani dalam kitab Ad-Durar Al-Kaminah mengatakan bahwa kitab tersebut adalah kitab Ibnu Katsir yang membolehkan Maulid Nabi dan di dalam nya membahas tentang perayaan peringatan Maulid Nabi.
Imam Dhahabi, Tarikh al-Islam: wa-tabaqat al-mashahir wa-al-a`lam, Publish: Dar al-Kutub al-Arabi Beirut/Lebanon
Sultan Muzafar udin Abu Saeed Kokabri (rah), the Husband of Sultan Salah Udin Ayubi’s (rah) sister the celebration of Mawlid by them is liked by Scholers of Islam and and filled their books with it, this thing is not accepted by todays so called Salafis/Wahabis so they did great Forgeries in their books and tried to defame him but the one who Loves to celebrate Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) birthday how can Allah insult him? and once against wahabis forgery is caught.
Imam Dhahabi (rah) write about them with much Detail and Explained alot of his quotes , Imam Dhahabi writes that King Abu Saeed Kokabri used to give alot of Sadiqa and offered salat regularly, He (Sultan Muzafar udin Abu Saeed Kokabri) was to built hospital for ill and blind and used to go to visit them on every thursday, He built seperate houses for orphans same for women, He specially used to go to hospitals to visit them in hospitals, built seperate Madaris for Ahnaaf and Shawafa and for sufis he built Khankaas. Words cannot explain the way in which Mehfil al-Mawlid Mustafa (Peace Be Upon Him) was celebrated by Malik al-Muzafar, People used to go to such mehfils happily from Arab and Iraq, and used tosacrifice cows camils and goats in large number and alot of types of food was made, He used to arrange Mehfils for Sufis and used to do Khutbats in huge grounds.and used to spend alot of money in them, Ibn dhaya when wrote a book on ‘Mawlid un Nabi’ so he gave him One Thousand Dinaar, he was a happy and pious Sunni, he used to love Fuqaha and Muhadiseen alot, …….One person in those Mehfils of Mawlid used to say that 100 beaufitul horse used to be there for Salami, I saw Five Thousand stiched heads, Thousand hens, and one lakh Milk Filled Cups, and 30000 Sweet Dishes were seen on Mehfil al-Mawlid. [Imam Dhabai, Tarikh al-Islam: wa-tabaqat al-mashahir wa-al-a`lam Volume 45 Page No. 403]
Imam Dhahabi (rah) writes that this King was of good ‘Iqhlaq’ and ‘Helpful’ and used to have Ahl as-Sunna’h (Sunni) beliefs, he used to respect ‘Fuqaha’ and ‘Muhaditheen’ and had a very good heart. [Imam Dhabai, Tarikh al-Islam: wa-tabaqat al-mashahir wa-al-a`lam Volume 45 Page No. 404]
Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid, Imam Jalal al-Din al-Suyuti, Publish by Dar al Kutub al-Ilmiyah, Beirut, Lebanon
The Sheikh ul Islam and hadith Master of his age, Ibn Hajr Asqalani was asked about the practice of commemorating the birth of the Prophet, and gave the following written reply: As for the origin of the practice of commemorating the Prophet’s birth, it is an innovation that has not been conveyed to us from any of the pious early muslims of the first three centuries, despite which it has included both features that are praisweorthy and features that are not. If one takes care to include in such a commemoration only things that are praiseworthy and avoids those that are otherwise, it is a praise worthy innovation, while if ones does not, it is not. An authentic primary textual basis from which its legal validity is inferable has occured to me, namely the rigorously authenticated (sahih) hadith in the collections of Bukhari and Muslim that the Prophet came to Medina and found the Jews fasting on the tenth of Muharram `Ashura ‘ [Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid Page No. 63] (Trsn Continued on Page 64)
so he asked them about it and they replied: “It is the day on which Allah drowned Pharaoh and rescued Moses, so we fast in it to thanks to Allah Most high,” which indicates the validity of giving thanks to Allah for the blessings He has bestowed on a particular day in providing a benefit, or averting an affliction, repeating one’s thanks on the anniversary of that day every year, giving thanks to Allah taking * any various forms of worship such as prostration, fasting, giving charity or reciting the Koran. Then what blessing is greather than the Birth of the Prophet, the Prophet of Mercy, on this day? in light of which, one should take care to commemorate it on the day itself in order to confrom to the above story of moses and the tenth of Muharram, [but] those who do not view the matter thus do not mind commemorating it on any day of the month, while some have expanded its time to any of day the year, whatever exception bay e taken at such a view. [Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid Page No. 64]
I have derived the permissibility of Mawlid from another source of the Sunna [besides Ibn Hajar’s deduction from the hadith of `Ashura’], namely :The hadith found in Bayhaqi, narrated by Anas, that “The Prophet slaughtered a `aqiqa [sacrifice for newborns] for himself after he received the prophecy,” although it has been mentioned that his grandfather `Abd al-Muttalib did that on the seventh day after he was born, and the `aqiqa cannot be repeated. Thus the reason for the Prophet’s action is to give thanks to Allah for sending him as a mercy to the worlds, and to give honor to his Umma, in the same way that he used to pray on himself. It is recommended for us, therefore, that we also show thanks for his birth by meeting with our brothers, by feeding people, and other such good works and rejoicing.” This hadith confirms the aforementioned hadith of the Prophet’s emphasis of Monday as the day of his birthday and that of his prophethood. [Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid Page No. 64-65]
Imam Shams-ud-din Dimishqi writes: It is proven that Abu Lahab’s punishment of fire is reduced on every Monday because he rejoiced on brith of Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and freed the slave-woman Thawba (ra) When Abu Lahab, whose eternal abode is hell fire and regarding whom whole surah of Tabad Yada (i.e. Surah Lahab) was revealed, he gets Takhfif in his Adhaab every Monday then Imagine the situation of a (momin) who has spent his life in rejoicing over birth of Prophet (saw) and died as a Mawhid [Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid, Page No. 66]
The reality of Mawlid is that people gather to recite Quran to the extent that is easy, also to discuss narrations which are regarding Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him), the signs which took place on his birth. Then dinning is arranged for them and they return without adding anything more to this “Bidat al Hasanah”. The one who arranges it gets Thawab due to honoring Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) and showing gratitude on his birth. [Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid Page No. 41]
The birth of Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) is a great blessing for us and his death is very saddening for us too, however Shariah has ordered us to rejoice and thank Allah on blessings, whereas on calamity it has taught us to have patience while hiding it, this is why Shariah has told us to do Aqiqa on birth which is a form of being happy and thankful to Allah for giving us birth, but on death there is no concept of sacrificing an animal and even lamenting is forbidden. Hence in light of rulings prescribed by shariah one should rejoice in Rabi ul Awwal on birth of our beloved Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him). [Husn al-Maqsad fi Amal al-Mawlid Page No. 54-55]
Imam Suyuti (Rehmat Ullah e Alaih) on Mawlid : Kitab of Al Hawi lil Fatawi
There is a question being asked about commemorating Mawlid of Prophet in the month of Rabi ul-Awal: What is the religious legal ruling in this regard, is it good or bad? Does the one who celebrates it gets rewarded or not?” …Answer: The reality of Mawlid is that people gather to recite Quran to the extent that is easy, also to discuss narrations which are regarding Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam), the signs which took place on his birth. Then dinning is arranged for them and they return without adding anything more to this “Bidat al Hasanah”. The one who arranges it gets Thawab due to honoring Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam) and showing gratitude on his birth[As-Suyuti – Rahimuhullah in Al Hawi lil Fatawi, Volume 1, Page No. 292, Published by Maktaba al Asriya, Beirut, Lebanon]
Imam Ibn Jazri (rah) said: When a kafir (i.e.Abu Lahab) against whom a whole Surah has been revealed in Quran, he gets relaxation in hell fire due to night of Prophet (salallaho alaihi wasalam)’s birth, then imagine the status of an Ummati who gets happy on his birth and spends due to his love for him, Allah would indeed give him Jaza and make him enter in His magnificent Paradise. [Sharh al-Zarqani, Volume No.1, Page No. 261].
Look how Imam Zarqani (rah) remembers Imam Ibn Jazri (rah) below in Sharh, he says: Al Hafidh Abul Khayr Shams ud din (Ibn Jazri) Muhammad bin Muhammad bin Muhammad al-Dimishqi. “THE IMAM OF RECITATION, THE MEMORIZER OF HADITH, THE AUTHOR OF MANY (VALUABLE) BOOKS.
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