Legality of Tawassul /inter mediation : Part 4 (6 of 21 scanned kitab: Attawasul (Al bani) – Tahdib uttahdib (Ibnu Hajar atsqalani) – Athiqat (Ibn Hibban) – Syu’abul Iman (Al baihaqi) – Bidayah Wannihayah (Ibnu Katsir) – Al adzkar (Annwawi))

1

At-Targheeb wa-Tarheeb, by Imam al-Mundhiri

2

Al Hisn ul Haseen, by Imam al-Hafidh Abi al Khayr Muhammad Ibn al Jazri (Rahimuhullah)

3

Tabarani Mu’jam al-Ausat

4

Tafsir Imam Qurtubi, al-Jami li Ahkam al-Quran

5

Siyar al A’lam wa al Nubalah

6

Musnad Ahmad bin Hambal

7

Tuhfah uth-Dhakireen

8

Sunan Darimi

9

Ibn Kathir, Tafsir-ul-Qur’an al-azim

10

al-Musannaf Ibn Abi Shaybah

11

Dala’il un Nubuwwah

12

Abdur Rahim al-Mubarakpori, Tuhfatul Ahwazi ba-Sharah Tirmidhi

13

Tafsir Ruh ul Ma’ani

14

al-Madkhal, Imam Abu Abdullah Ibn al-Haaj al-Maliki

15

al-Mu’jam al-Kabir, Imam Tabarani

16

at-Tawassul, anwa‘uhu wa ahkamuhu – Nasir Albani

17

Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib – Ibn Hajr Asqalani

18

Kitab uth-Thiqat Imam Ibn Hibban

19

Shua’b ul Iman by Imam Bayhaqi

20

Bidayah wannihayah – Ibnu katsir

21

Al adzkar – Imam Annawawi

at-Tawassul, anwa‘uhu wa ahkamuhu – Nasir Albani

at-Tawassul, anwa‘uhu wa ahkamuhu – Nasir Albani, Publish: Maqtaba al-Nashar, Riyahd/Saudia Version 2001

Nasir Albani writes: Imam Ahmad reported with sound chain: narrated by ‘Uthmān bin Hunayf: That a blind man called on the Holy Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) and said to him: ‘(O Messenger of Allah,) pray to Allah to give me solace’. The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) said: ‘if you wish, I will stall it and this is better for you.’ He said: ‘you should pray for me to Him.’ So he asked him to perform the ablution: ‘perform the ablution thoroughly well and then offer two cycles of optional prayer and beseech Allah with this supplication: “O Allah, I appeal to You, and submit to You through the mediation of the merciful Prophet Muhammad. O Muhammad, through your mediation I submit myself to My Lord to have my need granted. O Allah, acknowledge his intercession in my favour.” and accept my supplication also in my favour.”
Uthmān bin Hunayf says: I swear by Allah that we had neither left the company nor had we carried on a long conversation that the man entered (with his sight fully restored) and it seemed as if he had never been blind.
Ibn Majah, Hakim and Dhahabi have declared it a sound (sahih) tradition while Tirmidhi graded it hasan (fair) sahih, gharib (unfamiliar or rare).

Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib – Ibn Hajr Asqalani

Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib – Ibn Hajr Asqalani, Publish: al-Risalah, Beirut/Lebanon

Imam Ibn Hajr Asqalani proving Yahyah Bin Yahya research said this proves Imam Ibn Hajr and Imam Hakim (rah) Belief (aqida) that going to tombs of Awliyas and asking through their Intercession is allowed. Ibn Hajr (rah) Writes: Imam Hakim (rah) said that he heard Abu Ali Nishapori that he said that I was in extreme depression that I saw Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) in my dream he said that go to grave of Yahya bin Yahya (rah) and do Istaghfar and ask for help through his Intercession your problem will be solved. Abu Ali Nishapori said I did like that and my problem was solved in the morning. [Ibn Hajr, Tahdhib ut-Tahdhib Volume 004, Page 398]

Kitab uth-Thiqat Imam Ibn Hibban

Kitab uth-Thiqat Imam Ibn Hibban, Publish By al-Kutub al-Thamafiyah, Haydarabad Deccan, India

Ibn Hibban (rah) relates his own account of going to Al-Ridha’s (rah) grave, performing Tawassul through him and states that whenever “I was afflicted with a problem during my stay in Tus, I would visit the grave of Ali bin Musa (Allah (SWT)’s blessings be upon his grandfather and him) and ask Allah (SWT) to relieve me of that problem and it (my dua) would be answered and the problem alleviated. And this is something I did, and found to work, many times …” (مات على بن موسى الرضا بطوس من شربة سقاه إياها المأمون فمات من ساعته وذلك في يوم السبت آخر يوم سنة ثلاث ومائتين وقبره بسناباذ خارج النوقان مشهور يزار بجنب قبر الرشيد، قد زرته مرارا كثيرة وما حلت بي شدة في وقت مقامى بطوس فزرت قبر على بن موسى الرضا صلوات الله على جده وعليه ودعوت الله إزالتها عنى إلا أستجيب لي وزالت عنى تلك الشدة وهذا شيء جربته مرارا فوجدته كذلك أماتنا الله على محبة المصطفى وأهل بيته صلى الله عليه وعليهم أجمعين) [Ibn Hibban, Kitab uth-Thiqat Volume 008, Page No. 456-7 #14411]

Shua’b ul Iman by Imam Bayhaqi, Publish: Maqtabah ar-Rashad, Riyadh/Saudia

[Hadith Number 3879] Abu Ishaq al-Qarshi (ra) narrates that there was a man with us in Madina. Whenever he used to see any bad deed which he was not capable of stop with his hand, he used to go to the grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him) and say: O the inhabitants of Qabr i.e. Prophet and Sahaba (Abu Bakr and Umar) and our helpers please look towards our state. — [Hadith Number 3880] Abu Harb Hilali (ra) narrates that one Arabi performed Hajj and then came to the door of Prophet’s Mosque. He tied his camel there and enter the mosque till he reached the grave of Prophet (Peace be upon him). He stood at the feet of Prophet (Peace be upon him) and said: Peace be upon you O Prophet, then he offered greetings to Abu Bakr and Umar (Ridhwan Allaho Ajmain), he then turned towards the Prophet again and said:   O Messenger of Allah, May my parents be taken ransom for you, I have come in your court because I am filled with sins and mistakes, so that I can make you a waseela infront of Allah so that you can intercede for me, because Allah has said in his Book: And We have not sent any Messenger but that he must be obeyed by the Command of Allah. And, (O Beloved,) if they, having wronged their souls, had come to you imploring the forgiveness of Allah and the Messenger (blessings and peace be upon him) had also asked forgiveness for them, then (owing to this mediation and intercession) they would certainly have found Allah Most Relenting, Ever-Merciful. (Quran 4/64)” Then he turned towards a big group of Sahaba while saying: O best of those who are buried in deep””And from whose fragrance the depth and the height have become sweet” “May I be the ransom for a grave which thou inhabit” “And in which are found purity, bounty and munificence!” [Shuab ul Iman Volume 006, Page No. 60 Hadith Number 3879-80]

Majorrity Scholers took this report as proof in Tawassul which means it is accepted (Maqbool). and Allah Knows Best.

 

Ibnu Katsir Vs Wahabi : Scan kitab Al-Bidayah wa An-Nihayah “Riwayat Shahih Tawasul Sahabat dengan nabi setelah wafat Nabi”

Ini Bukti Tawassul di masa Khalifah Umar bin Khattab radhiallahu ‘anhu, diriwayatkan oleh Ibnu Katsir dalam kitab Al-Bidayah wa An-Nihayah- Jilid 1- Halaman 91 sebagai berikut :

وقال الحافظ أبو بكر البيهقي : أخبرنا أبو نصر بن قتادة وأبو بكر الفارسي قالا : حدثنا أبو عمر بن مطر حدثنا إبراهيم بن علي الذهلي حدثنا يحيى بن يحيى حدثنا أبو معاوية عن الأعمش عن أبي صالح عن مالك قال : أصاب الناس قحط في زمن عمر بن الخطاب فجاء رجل إلى قبر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال : يا رسول الله استسق الله لأمتك فإنهم قد هلكوا ، فأتاه رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم في المنام فقال : ائت عمر فأقرئه مني السلام وأخبرهم أنهم مسقون ، وقل له : عليك بالكيس الكيس. فأتى الرجل فأخبر عمر ، فقال : يارب ! ما آلو إلا ما عجزت عنه . وهذا إسناد صحيح .

Telah berkata al-Hafidz Abu Bakar al-Baihaqqi: Telah mengkhabarkan kepada kami Abu Nasr ibnu Qatadah dan Abu Bakar al-Farisi, berkata kedua nya: Telah menceritakan kepada kami Abu Umar ibn Mathar, telah menceritakan kepada kami Ibrahim ibn ‘ali al-Zuhli, telah menceritakan kepada kami Yahya Ibn Yahya, telah menceritakan kepada kami Mu’awiyah dari pada al-A’mash, dari pada Abu Sholeh dari pada Malik, beliau berkata :
“Pada zaman kekhalifahan Umar ibnu Khattab, manusia ditimpa kemarau yang panjang, Maka seorang lelaki pergi ke kubur Rasulullah lalu berkata : “Wahai Rasulullah! Mintalah kepada Allah agar menurunkan hujan kepada umatmu kerana mereka semua telah menderita”. Maka Rasulullah datang dalam tidurnya dan bersabda: “Pergilah bertemu Umar dan sampaikan salamku kepadanya, Khabarkanlah kepadanya bahwa mereka semua akan diturunkan hujan. Katakanlah kepadanya Hendaklah kamu bersungguh-sungguh dan bijaksana (dalam mengurusi umat)”. Maka lelaki tersebut menemui umar dan menceritakan kepadanya tentang hal tersebut. Lalu Umar berkata : Wahai Tuhanku! Aku tidak melengah-lengahkan urusan umat kecuali apa yang tidak terdaya aku lakukannya” . Sanad riwayat ini Shohih. [kitab Al-Bidayah wa An-Nihayah- Jilid 1- Halaman 91].

Translate :

It has been said al-Haafiz Abu Bakr al-Baihaqqi: Has narrated to us Qatadah and Abu Nasr ibn Abu Bakr al-Farisi, said both his: Has told us Abu Umar ibn Mathar, had told us Ibrahim ibn ‘Ali al-Zuhli , had told us Yahya Ibn Yahya, Mu’awiyah had told us of the al-A’mash, from the Abu Sholeh from Malik, he said:
“In the days of the Caliphate of Umar ibn al-Khattab, a long drought struck humans, then a man went to the tomb of the Prophet and said:” O Messenger of Allah! Ask God for the rain to Your people becaise they have suffered . “Then the Prophet came to him and said: “Go and greet Umar met him, Tell to  him that they would all be down rain. You shall say to him earnestly and wisely (in care of the people) “. Then the man met Umar and told him about it. Then Umar said: O my Lord! I do not neglect the affairs of the people but what I can not do it “”. Sanad is Saheeh history. [book Al-Bidayah wa An-Nihayah-Volume 1 – Page 91].

Perhatikan scan kitab di bawah ini :

Al  Adzkar – Imam An nawawi Rah.

Imamuna an-Nawawi rahimahUllah dalam kitabnya “al-Adzkar” ,(Publisher : Darul Tawzi’ wannasyrul islamiyah –  Maidnusayyidah zainab, tahun 1999 Masihi, Bab Ziarah ke Makam Nabi Saw., halaman 192 193, di mana Imam an-Nawawi menulis:-Daripada Imam al-‘Utbi di mana dia telah berkata: ” Adalah aku satu ketika duduk di samping kubur Junjungan Nabi s.a.w., maka telah datang seorang A’raabi ( ‘Arab dusun @ penduduk kampung) mengucapkan salam kepada Junjungan Nabi s.a.w. dengan katanya:

“Salam kesejahteraan bagimu, wahai Rasulullah, aku telah mendengar Allah ta`ala berfirman:

وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوۤاْ أَنْفُسَهُمْ جَآءُوكَ فَٱسْتَغْفَرُواْ ٱللَّهَ
وَٱسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ ٱلرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُواْ ٱللَّهَ تَوَّاباً رَّحِيماً
[Dan kalaulah mereka ketika menganiayai diri mereka sendiri (dengan membuat dosa dan kesalahan) datang kepadamu (wahai Nabi) lalu memohon ampun kepada Allah, dan Rasulullah juga memohon ampun untuk mereka, tentulah mereka mendapati Allah Maha Penerima taubat, lagi Maha Mengasihani.]
Dan aku telah mendatangimu dalam keadaan memohon keampunan dari segala dosaku dan mengharapkan syafaatmu kepada Tuhanku.”Lalu dia melantunkan beberapa bait syair seperti berikut:-

يا خير من دفنت بالقاع اعظمه * فطاب من طيبهن القاع و الأكم
نفسي الفداء لقبر انت ساكنه * فيه العفاف و فيه الجود و الكرمWahai manusia terbaik bersemadi dalam bumi jasadnya
Maka harumlah lembah dan bukit dengan keharumannya
Jiwaku jadi tebusan kubur yang engkau penghuninya
Dalamnya ada (pribadi) yang suci, pemurah lagi mulia

Al-‘Utbi meneruskan ceritanya: “Kemudian, dia berpaling meninggalkan maqam Junjungan Nabi s.a.w., tiba-tiba dua mataku mengantuk, lalu aku bermimpi melihat Junjungan Nabi s.a.w. dalam tidurku dan baginda bersabda kepadaku: “Wahai ‘Utbi, segera pergi berjumpa si A’rabi itu dan khabarkan berita gembira kepadanya bahawa Allah telah mengampuninya.

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