Sebelum negara Saudi (badwi najd wahabi)- Sultan Hijaz (arab) adalah para habib/sharif/ sayyid / keturunan nabi

List of Sharifs of Mecca (967–1925)

[edit] During Fatimid Dynasty (967-1101)

Flag of Fatimid Hejaz

  • Muhammed Abu-Jafar Al-Thalab (The fox) (967–980)
  • Sharif Essa (980–994)
  • Sharif Abu Al-Futooh (994–1039)
  • Sharif Shukrul-Din (1039–1061)
  • Abul-Hashim ibn Muhammed (1061–1094)
  • Ibn Abul-Hashim Al-Thalab (1094–1101)

[edit] During Ayyubid Empire (1201–1254)

Flag of Ayyubid Hejaz

  • Qatada ibn Idris al-Alawi al-Hasani (1201–1220): Killed at age 90 by his son
  • Ibn Qatada Al-Hashimi (1220–1241): Al-Zahir Baibers ruler of Egypt sends a prince to collect Zakat from the area including the surrounding bedouins
  • Al-Hassan abul-Saad (1241–1254)

[edit] During Mamluk Empire (1254–1517)

Flag of Mamluk Hejaz

  • Muhammed abul-Nubaj (1254–1301): First Mamluk Sharif after the fall of Ayyubid Empire
  • Rumaitha Abul-Rada (1301–1346)
  • Aljan Abul-Sarjah (1346–1375)
  • Al-Hassan II (1394–1425)
  • Barakat I (1425–1455)
  • Malik ul-Adil ibn Muhammed ibn Barakat (1455–1497)
  • Barakat II bin Muhammed (Barakat Efendi) (1497–1525): Built the first Walls of Jeddah by order of Al-Ashraf Qansuh al-Ghawri

[edit] During Ottoman Empire (1517–1917)

Flag of Ottoman Hejaz

Muhammed bin Abdulmuin, Sharif of Mecca 1827–1851, as pictured in 1848-book by William Francis Lynch

  • Barakat Efendi (1497–1525): First Ottoman Sharif; Hejaz became an Ottoman state after the fall of Cairo to Sultan Selim I.
  • Muhammed Abul-Nubaj bin Barakat (1525–1583): Rebuilt the walls of Jeddah in 1525 following the victory over Portuguese Armada in the Red Sea
  • Al-Hassan bin Muhammad Abul-Nubaj (1583–1601)
  • Idris bin Al-Hassan (1601–1610)
  • Muhsin bin Hussein (1610–1628)
  • Ahmed bin Talib Al-Hasan (1628–1629)
  • Masud bin Idris (Masut Efendi) (1629–1630)
  • Abdullah bin Hassan (1630–1631)
  • Zeid bin Muhsin (1631–1666)
  • Saad bin Zeid (1666–1667)
  • Muhsin bin Ahmed (1667–1668)
  • Saad bin Zeid (1668–1670)
  • Homud bin Abdullah bin Al-Hasan (1670–1670)
  • Saad bin Zeid (1670–1671)
  • Barakat bin Muhammed (1672–1682)
  • Said bin Barakat (1682–1683)
  • Ibrahim bin Muhammed (1683–1684)
  • Ahmed bin Zeid (1684–1688)
  • Ahmed bin Ghalib (1688–1689)
  • Muhsin bin Ahmed (1689–1691)
  • Said bin Saad (1691–1693)
  • Saad bin Zeid (1693–1694)
  • Abdullah bin Hashim (1694–1694)
  • Saad bin Zeid (1694–1702)
  • Said bin Saad (1702–1704)
  • Abdulmuhsin bin Ahmad (1704–1704)
  • Abdulkarim bin Muhammed (1704–1705)
  • Said bin Saad (1705–1705)
  • Abdulkarim bin Muhammed (1705–1711)
  • Said bin Saad (1711–1717)
  • Abdullah bin Said (1717–1718)
  • Ali bin Said (1718–1718)
  • Yahya bin Barakaat (1718–1719)
  • Mubarak bin Ahmad (1719–1722)
  • Barakaat bin Yahya (1722–1723)
  • Mubarak bin Ahmad (1723–1724)
  • Abdullah bin Said (1724–1731)
  • Muhammed bin Abdullah (1731–1732)
  • Masud bin Said (1732–1733)
  • Muhammed bin Abdullah (1733–1734)
  • Masud bin Said (1734–1759)
  • Jafar bin Said (1759–1760)
  • Musa’ed bin Said (1760–1770)
  • Ahmad bin Said (1770–1770)
  • Abdullah bin Hussein (1770–1773)
  • Surour bin Musa’ed (1773–1788)
  • Abdulmuin bin Musa’ed (1788–1788): Appointed by Saud ibn Abdul Aziz ibn Muhammad ibn Saud, the ruler of Dir’iyyah
  • Ghalib Efendi bin Musa’ed (1788–1803)
  • Yahya bin Surour (1803–1813): Jailed in Constantinople during the Ottoman–Saudi War
  • Ghalib Efendi bin Musa’ed (1813–1827)
  • Abdulmutalib bin Ghalib (1827–1827)
  • Muhammed bin Abdulmuin (1827–1851)
  • Abdulmutalib bin Ghalib (1851–1856)
  • Muhammed bin Abdulmuin (1856–1858)
  • Abdullah Kamil Pasha (1858–1877)
  • Hussein bin Muhammed (1877–1880)
  • Abdulmutalib bin Ghalib (1880–1882)
  • Aun Al-Rafiq Pasha (1882–1905)
  • Ali Abdullah Pasha (1905–1908)
  • Hussein bin Ali Pasha (1908–1916) (later King Hussein)
  • Ali Haidar Pasha (1916–1917)

[edit] During Kingdom of Hejaz (1916–1925)

Flag of Kingdom of Hejaz

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